Author and Dates

The book of Ruth records events during the time of the Judges(pre-1020 B.C.). It was probably written either at an early or late stage in David’s reign. The book supported David against those who insinuated that David was not a fully loyal and qualified Israelite king because of his foreign ancestry.

 

Purpose

Through a wonderful story of redemption, the book of Ruth served to establish the legitimacy of David’s kingship despite his foreign ancestress.

 

Outline

I.            Naomi’s Bitterness (1)

II.           Ruth Discovers Potential Redeemer (2)

III.          Boaz agrees to be Redeemer (3)

IV.          Boaz Acquires Right to be Redeemer (4:1-12)

V.           Naomi’s Blessing (4:13-17)

VI.          Ruth’s Genealogy (4:18-21)

 

Major Characters

Naomi, Ruth, and Boaz

 

Book Summary

The book of Ruth is a story of romance, redemption, and loyalty. The story begins with the character Naomi, who has lost her husband and two sons, leaving her destitute in a foreign land. The suffering is overwhelming as she turns bitter and angry against God. Nevertheless, Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in-law, forgoes the safety and provision of her own extended family and pledges her allegiance to Naomi. As they struggle to survive, Ruth is discovered by Boaz, a relative of Naomi, who falls in love with Ruth. Boaz acquires the right to become her husband and delivers Ruth and Naomi from their plight. The book concludes with a genealogy that demonstrates that King David, and eventually Jesus, descends from the foreigner Ruth.

The book of Ruth tells the story of God’s faithfulness to his people in a specific case, as a Moabite woman becomes part of his story of redemption.

 

Themes

  • Loyalty – The power of loyalty in relationships is dramatically portrayed.
  • Redemption – The salvation and deliverance of individuals who cannot save themselves.
  • Providence – God’s direction of people’s lives despite the difficult times.
  • Transformation – From bitterness and disappointment to faith and contentment.

 

This information is taken from Justin Holcomb's article over at theresurgence.com

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